Improving the quality of Early Childhood Care and Education for ethnic minority and disadvantaged children

©Christine Redmond


Although policies on Early Childhood Care and Education are in place in Vietnam and national standards have been adopted for early learning development as part of the pre-primary curriculum, the access and quality of early childhood education remain limited in remote and isolated areas where the most disadvantaged, vulnerable and ethnic minority families are mainly located. Pre-schools in remote areas of Vietnam often lack adequate infrastructure and facilities. This, combined with the language barriers faced by ethnic minority children, the lack of recognition and awareness of the importance of early childhood education among key stakeholders, the lack of active parental involvement and the limited number of qualified pre-school staff and teachers, has a significant impact on children’s cognitive and socio-emotional development, their ability to acquire knowledge and to make a successful transition from pre-school to primary school.

Project objective

Improve learning opportunities from an early age and enhance children’s cognitive and socio-emotional development through the implementation of child-centred teaching strategies and an improved learning environment. Involve parents, teachers and local authorities in supporting early childhood care and education and bring about behavioural change in the community.


Provincial and District People’s Committee, Bureau of Education and Training, Pre-Primary and Primary Schools, Provincial Department of Education and Training.

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Project location / Vietam - Doan Ket, Tien Phong et Vay Nua communes, Da Bac district, Hoa Binh province; Lau Thi Ngai and Lung Cai communes, Bac Ha district, Lao Cai province; Khun Ha and Nung Nang communes, Tam Duong district, Lai Chau province
Region / Southeast Asia and China, Vietnam
Area / Access and quality of education, Early childhood education
Duration / 2016 - 2024
The project covers / In 2019, 2,158 children aged 3-8 years in target schools in Lai Chau, Hoa Binh and Lao Cai provinces benefited from this project (provision of learning materials, application of child-centred teaching and learning methods in the classroom and involvement of their guardians in parenting education, meetings). 170 teachers and principals of pre-primary and primary schools were contacted through training and coaching activities. 682 caregivers and 41 government and local authority officials were contacted through parenting education meetings, dialogue meetings and community communication events.
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